Inspired by Haiku's take on the matter, Noto Sans Display should offer better readability than Noto Sans and is generally more optimized for UIs. From Noto's FAQ:
What’s the difference between the UI and non-UI versions?
The UI fonts were initially prepared for use in Android’s UI. They have tighter vertical metrics, and some glyphs that would be clipped are redrawn to fit within the constrained space. They can be used anywhere that has limited vertical space. There are no UI verions of scripts that do not need such adjustment, and the non-UI versions should be preferred for use in body text.
Before/After, with no other setting change: