Diffusion KWin d2bbd2a12484

[x11] Fix crash during tear down

Authored by zzag on Aug 30 2019, 4:28 PM.


[x11] Fix crash during tear down

Any call made to a virtual method in constructor/destructor of a base
class won't go to a derived class because the base class may access
uninitialized or destroyed resources.

For example, let's consider the following two classes

class Base {
    Base() { foo()->bar(); }
    virtual ~Base() { foo()->bar(); }

    virtual Foo* foo() const { return nullptr; }

class Derived : public Base {
    Derived() : mFoo(new Foo) {}
    ~Derived() override { delete mFoo; }

    Foo* foo() const override { return mFoo; }

    Foo* mFoo;

When an instance of Derived class is created, constructors will run in
the following order:


It's not safe to dispatch foo() method call to Derived class because
constructor of Derived hasn't initialized yet mFoo.

Same story with destructors, they'll run in the following order:


It's not safe to dispatch foo() method call in the destructor of Base
class to Derived class because mFoo was deleted.

So, what does that weird C++ behavior has something to do with KWin? Well,
recently Compositor class was split into two classes - WaylandCompositor,
and X11Compositor. Some functionality from X11 doesn't make sense on
Wayland. Therefore methods that implement that stuff were "purified," i.e.
they became pure virtual methods. Unfortunately, when Compositor tears
down it may call pure virtual methods on itself. Given that those calls
cannot be dispatched to X11Compositor or WaylandCompositor, the only
choice that C++ runtime has is to throw an exception.

The fix for this very delicate problem is very simple - do not call virtual
methods from constructors and the destructor. Avoid doing that if you can!

This change moves Compositor::updateClientCompositeBlocking to X11Compositor
so it longer has to be a virtual method. Also, it kind of doesn't make sense
to keep it in base Compositor class because compositing can be blocked only
on X11.

BUG: 411049

Test Plan: KWin no longer crashes when running kwin_x11 --replace command.

Reviewers: KWin, romangg

Reviewed By: KWin, romangg

Subscribers: anthonyfieroni, kwin

Tags: KWin

Differential Revision: https://phabricator.kde.org/D23098


zzagAug 31 2019, 10:31 AM
Differential Revision
D23098: [x11] Fix crash during tear down
R108:125d3e90e137: SVN_SILENT made messages (.desktop file) - always resolve ours