This is mainly preparation for D15204 (typewriter), where storing RGB won't be sufficient any longer.
Typewriter will need transparent background (alpha=0x00), which can only be expressed as ARGB string.
Current code handles name format identical for all annotations. It doesn't hurt to store all annotations in ARGB format, so instead of introducing special handling for typewriter, let's store all annotation color attributes as ARGB string.
Note: In case of previously existing okularpartrc, configuration will be reused without conversion. New color format will be written when new settings are saved. This has no bad effect.